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2nd part to HCA 430 Assignment Week 3

2nd part to HCA 430 Assignment Week 3
Hello Daniel I want to thank you again. There is a second part to this assignment due by july 13th and it is as follows: For the second written assignment of the course, you will continue in the design of your proposed model program by demonstrating your understanding of your selected population’s challenges, which negatively impact this group’s health and well-being. Based on this week’s research, conduct an assessment of the barriers, limitations, and other distinguishing features, as they exist within your community. Prepare a recap of the model program for your community that you originally shared in the week 2 written assignment.  As stated in the Week Two directions, changes to the potential program can be made as you research and develop the focus of the program.Analyze and discuss at least three critical barriers that impact the health and well-being of your chosen group; one must be a micro-level (individual) barrier that is financial, one must be a macro-level (community/state) barrier that relates to access and funding for care, and  the third barrier may be one of your choosing.Discuss at least one proposed solution for each barrier. Your solution for the micro barrier must include an analysis of various potential funding options (both independent and integrated). Your solution for the macro barrier must include an analysis of financing resources for health care.Research and analyze the regulatory, legal, ethical, and accreditation requirements and issues for the service(s) offered in your proposed program.  Discuss how each will impact the management of the program.Your assignment should be a minimum of three pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and should include a minimum of three scholarly sources cited according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Please note: All assignments in this course are progressive; therefore you should use the same population selected in your Week Two assignment. The Week Two assignment’s contents do not need to be re-submitted with this assignment.

BIO113 Week 8 Final Exam

BIO113 Week 8 Final Exam
Question 1Which of the following infectious diseases is increasing inincidence after being on the decline for many years?         A.      tuberculosis          B.      diphtheria          C.      pneumonia          D.      SARS  Question 2 Periodontal disease is a bacterial infection of the _____.         A.      gums          B.      liver          C.      defecation          D.      absorption  Question 3 Inflammation of the intestine caused by bacterial or viralinfection is called _____.         A.      enteritis          B.      gastritis          C.      appendicitis          D.      diverticulosis  Question 4 What is the minimum amount of time that hands should bewashed to prevent transmitting infection?         A.      5 seconds          B.      10 seconds          C.      15 seconds          D.      20 seconds  Question 5 The __________ is the largest artery in the body.         A.      apex          B.      aorta           C.      endocardium           D.      myocardium  Question 6 Which would be the spleen’s first action in response to adeep knife wound in the leg?         A.      release red blood cells into circulation          B.      aid in clotting to stop bleeding at the wound site          C.      produce lymphocytes and monocytes  Question 7 Which of the following microorganisms must live inside thecell of another organism in order to secure nourishment and reproduce?         A.      bacteria          B.      fungi          C.      protozoa          D.      viruses  Question 8 Loss of voluntary control over urination is called _____.         A.      neurogenic bladder          B.      dialysis          C.      incontinence          D.      urgency  Question 9 The term used to describe getting up during the night tourinate is _____.         A.      nocturia          B.      polyuria          C.      pyuria          D.      oliguria  Question 10 Red blood cells, or ____________________, are biconcave,disc-shaped cells.         A.      leukocytes          B.      erythrocytes          C.      myoblasts  Question 11 Blood leaves the heart through ___________ and returns by_____________         A.      veins, arteries b. aorta, capillaries          B.      veins, capillaries          C.      arteries, veins  Question 12 Most, if not all, health care workers must have currentcertification in which of the following?         A.      CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation)          B.      ALS (advanced life support)          C.      PALS (pediatric advanced life support)          D.      EKG (electrocardiogram) interpretation  Question 13 The average adult has _________ pints of blood in his or herbody.         A.      2-4          B.      4-6          C.      4-6          D.      8-10  Question 14 The most common nutritional disorder in the U.S. today is____________________.         A.      anorexia nervosa          B.      bulimia          C.      anemia          D.      obesity  Question 15 Certain bacteria have been designated as “super bugs”because they _____.         A.      are easy to transmit and, therefore, are favored by  bioterrorists          B.      cause especially serious respiratory infections.          C.      are resistant to even very powerful antibiotics.          D.      are spread globally by travelers.  Question 16 Individuals whose kidneys have failed are treated with aprocess called _____.         A.      urinalysis.          B.      dialysis          C.      percutaneous nephrolithotomy  Question 17 A temporary interruption of blood flow to the brain is a__________.         A.      stroke          B.      shock          C.      embolism          D.      TIA  Question 18 The adult alimentary canal, from the mouth to the anus, isabout how many feet long?         A.      10          B.      20          C.      30          D.      40  Question 19 Healthcare workers use a spirometer to measure the _____.         A.      level of carbon dioxide in the blood          B.      lungs’ capacity for air          C.      amount of pressure in the lungs          D.      level of pleural fluid   Question 20 The ballooning out of an artery and thinning of the arterywall is called a/an __________.         A.      aphasia          B.      stroke          C.      aneurysm          D.      arteriole  Question 21 _____ is the death of body tissue as a result of aninsufficient blood supply caused by disease or injury.         A.      arteriosclerosis          B.      hemorrhoids          C.      varicose veins          D.      gangrene  Question 22 The body’s basal metabolic rate (BMR) is the amount ofenergy needed by the body _____.         A.      to maintain current weight          B.      to perform vigorous exercise          C.      at rest          D.      to gain weight  Question 23 ________________ is a procedure to help open cloggedvessels.         A.      cardiac output          B.      catheterization          C.      angioplasty          D.      cardiotonics  Question 24 Match each condition/disease with its description.                -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            scleroderma                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            lymphadenitis                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            anaphylactic shock                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            lupus                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            Hodgkin’s disease                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            tonsillitis                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            asthma                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            infectious mononucleosis                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            hypersensitivity                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            acquired immunodeficiency syndrome               Answer              A.            autoimmune disease in which the skin and blood vessels    thicken                  B.            inflammation and swelling of the lymph nodes                  C.            serious allergic reaction                  D.            chronic, multi-symptomatic, inflammatory, autoimmune    disease                  E.            cancer of the lymph nodes                  F.            infection of the tonsils                  G.            condition caused by antibodies binding to the bronchi    and bronchioles                  H.            infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus                  I.            failure of the immune system to protect itself against    foreign material                  J.            serious, usually fatal, disease caused by suppression of    the immune system           Question 25 Which of the following hormones controls the rate ofmetabolism, heat production, and oxidation of cells?         A.      Thyroxin          B.      testosterone          C.      thymosin          D.      ACTH  Question 26 A rapid heartbeat is most accurately called _____.         A.      arrhythmia          B.      bradycardia          C.      tachycardia          D.      fibrillation  Question 27 _____ is vital to the function of the red blood cell,helping it transport oxygen to the tissues and some carbon dioxide away fromtissues.         A.      hemoglobin          B.      albumin          C.      fibrinogen          D.      globulin  Question 28 Asthma is a respiratory disease in which _____.         A.      the mucous membrane of the trachea becomes inflamed          B.      an inflammatory response obstructs the airways          C.      the lungs become infected and filled with pus          D.      swallowing is difficult and painful   Question 29 Severe chest pain that occurs when the heart does notreceive enough oxygen is called _____.         A.      pericarditis          B.      myocardial infarction          C.      atherosclerosis          D.      angina pectoris   Question 30 A hereditary disease in which blood clots slowly orabnormally is called _____.         A.      polycythemia          B.      embolism          C.      hematoma          D.      hemophilia  Question 31 A chronic, progressive inflammatory disease that permanentlydamages the liver is _____.         A.      hepatitis          B.      cirrhosis          C.      ulcer          D.      colitis  Question 32 The _____ sends out an electrical impulse that regulates theheartbeat.         A.      AV node          B.      SA node          C.      Purkinje fibers          D.      AV bundle  Question 33 Which process is regulated by secretions of the thyroidgland?         A.      digestion          B.      metabolism          C.      defecation          D.      absorption  Question 34 Match each mineral and vitamin with its function.                -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            vitamin B12                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            zinc                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            vitamin K                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            iodine                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            vitamin B3                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            potassium                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            calcium                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            vitamin E                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            iron                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            vitamin A               Answer              A.            synthesis of red blood cells                  B.            metabolism of vitamin A                  C.            enables normal blood clotting                  D.            component of thyroid hormones                  E.            enables normal metabolism                  F.            maintenance of body water balance                  G.            formation of bones and teeth                   H.            act as an antioxidant                  I.            component of hemoglobin                  J.            enables night vision           Question 35 Match the gland with its hormone                -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            testes                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            ovaries                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            thyroid                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            adrenal medulla                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            thymus                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            parathyroid                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            pituitary – posterior lobe                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            adrenal cortex                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            pituitary – anterior lobe                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            pancreas               Answer              A.            testosterone                  B.            estrogen                  C.            thyroxin                  D.            adrenaline                  E.            thymosin                  F.            parathormone                  G.            antidiuretic hormone                  H.            androgens                  I.            follicle-stimulating hormone                  J.            glucagon           Question 36 Which organ performs the major role in excreting wastes fromthe body?         A.      lungs          B.      colon          C.      skin          D.      kidneys  Question 37 Milk, cheese, and dark green vegetables are good sources ofwhich mineral?         A.      calcium          B.      iron          C.      potassium          D.      sodium  Question 38 A person’s total cholesterol level should be below _____.         A.      200          B.      300          C.      150          D.      250  Question 39 Another term used to describe high blood pressure is____________________.         A.      dysphasia          B.      aphasia          C.      hypotension          D.      hypertension  Question 40 The abbreviation for the type of cholesterol that removesfat from cells is _____.         A.      LDL          B.      VLDL          C.      HDL          D.      VHDL  Question 41 A deficiency in the number and/or percentage of red bloodcells and the amount of hemoglobin in the blood is called _____.         A.      anemia          B.      aplastic anemia          C.      pernicious anemia          D.      sickle cell anemia  Question 42 Which of the following factors usually plays the leastsignificant role in obesity?         A.      genetics          B.      lack of physical activity          C.      overconsumption of food          D.      underconsumption of fruits and vegetables  Question 43 Which of the following blood pressure reading would beconsidered mild hypertension?         A.      120/80          B.      130/80          C.      140/90          D.      150/90  Question 44 Where does oxygen release the energy stored in nutrients toprovide heat and energy for body functioning?         A.      blood in the capillaries          B.      alveoli in the lungs          C.      cells throughout the body          D.      lymph surrounding tissues  Question 45 A disease in which the red blood cells are abnormally shapedis called _______ anemia.         A.      antigen          B.      basophil          C.      sickle cell          D.      globin  Question 46 The double layer of fibrous tissue surrounding the heart isthe __________.         A.      apex          B.      edema          C.      pericardium           D.      septum  Question 47 A traveling blood clot is called _____.         A.      hemorrhage          B.      embolism          C.      phlebitis          D.      claudication  Question 48 What is the meaning of autoimmunity?         A.      A mother passes her antibodies to her unborn child.          B.      An individual is naturally immune to many common diseases.          C.      Immunity has been acquired through vaccines.          D.      The immune system mistakenly targets normal body cells.   Question 49 Match each condition or infection to its description                -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            menorrhagia                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            benign prostatic hypertrophy                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            gonorrhea                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            endometriosis                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            trichomoniasas vaginalis                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            toxic shock syndrome                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            dysmenorrhea                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            chlamydia                  -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            epididymitis                   -A.B.C.D.E.F.G.H.I.J.            genital herpes               Answer              A.            excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding                  B.            enlarged prostate                  C.            bacterial STD in which males may experience painful    urination and discharge of pus                  D.            uterine tissue is located outside the uterus                  E.            protozoan infection that causes itching and burning of    the vagina in females and urethra in males                  F.            potentially life-threatening infection caused by    staphylococcus bacteria                  G.            painful menstruation                  H.            common STD that presents no symptoms for most women and    many men                  I.            infection that causes swelling and pain in groin and    scrotum                  J.            viral STD that may cause lesions in the genitalia           Question 50 How does inoculation protect the body against infectiousdiseases?         A.      Booster substances are injected to increase the strength  of the immune system.          B.      The antibody for a specific infection is injected to be  available to defend the body.           C.      Small amounts of disease-causing substances are injected  to stimulate the body to produce antibodies.  Question 51 Match each disorder with its description.        &nb

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