(Mt) – Liberty University Public Policy Issue Literature Assessment Paper

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1 Annotated Bibliography Assignment – Public Policy Issue Student’s Name Institution Course Instructor Assignment Due Date 2 Annotated Bibliography Assignment – Public Policy Issue The Public Policy Issue – American Health Policy The United States currently has the most expensive healthcare system in the world. Indeed, the system largely strains the government financially with the national health spending ranging in trillions of dollars each year. Besides that, the available healthcare insurance policies do not adequately cover the comprehensive healthcare needs of most Americans, and patients must incur significant out-of-pocket expenses to access the medical services they need. Considering that some countries such as Canada and Australia offer citizens free healthcare access, it seems important to question whether the US should change its health policy. Azar, A. M., Mnuchin, S. T., & Acosta, A. (2018). Reforming America’s Healthcare System Through Choice and Competition. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. U.S. Department of the Treasury U.S. Department of Labor. https://www.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/Reforming-Americas-Healthcare-SystemThrough-Choice-and-Competition.pdf This report focuses on the reformation of the US healthcare system to promote healthier and longer lives for all Americans. The authors show concern about the high cost observed in the system and claim that the same is not reflected in health outcomes, and they propose making changes to benefit Americans. The document outlines a wide range of possible and promising reforms that could transform the health policy in the country, and it will thus provide important insights to my paper. 3 Bloom, D. E., Khoury, A., & Subbaraman, R. (2018). The promise and peril of universal health care. Science (New York, N.Y.), 361(6404), eaat9644. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aat9644 This article explores the concept of universal health care and perceives it as aligned with social and economic progress. The authors explore the efforts made toward promoting the idea of universal health care, and they are certain that for the concept to be achieved, substantial resources must be dedicated to the process. The article employs an intensive approach to investigating universal health care, and its insights will be crucial in building my paper. Chinitz, D. (2019). The more health policies change, the more they change the same way. Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, 8(1), 36. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13584-019-0308-6 In this article, the author explores health policy and underlines the need for restructuring traditional healthcare pillars. He utilizes information drawn from various articles authored by Richard Saltman, a leading scholar in comparative health systems. From his analysis, he proposes the need to address issues such as cultural gaps in the restructuring process to achieve practical and reliable health policy. The article uses a distinct approach to promote the idea of restructuring healthcare systems and will support my paper with such insights. Crowley, R., Daniel, H., Cooney, T. G., & Engel, L. S. (2020). Envisioning a Better U.S. Health Care System for All: Coverage and Cost of Care. Annals of Internal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.7326/M19-2415 This article is concerned with the achievement of health policy that promotes healthcare access for all at affordable rates for individuals and the government. The authors explore different policies capable of transforming healthcare in the US by increasing 4 accessibility and affordability as observed in some developed countries. Since the paper compares different policy types designed to achieve universal healthcare, it will support my research through the insights it provides. Fiedler, M. & Young, C. L. (2019). Current debates in health care policy: A brief overview. Policy 2020. Brookings. https://www.brookings.edu/policy2020/votervital/currentdebates-in-health-care-policy-a-brief-overview/ In this article, the authors explore the aspects surrounding health care policy today. They define health care as divided into coverage and underlying costs, and they delve into these perspectives by evaluating them using information from the prevailing health policy and the changes made in the past. The article will provide important support to my article since it provides an overview of the current debate surrounding US health policy. Joynt Maddox, K. E., Bauchner, H., & Fontanarosa, P. B. (2019). US Health Policy—2020 and Beyond: Introducing a New JAMA Series. JAMA. 321(17):1670–1672. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3451 This article focuses on expounding the US healthcare system with a key focus placed in healthcare policy. The authors underline the significance of healthcare in people’s minds identifying it as among the top three concerns in contemporary livelihood. Besides that, they note the reforms proposed or made by different political leaders and underline cost reduction as often the central theme connecting the reforms. They further highlight the need for a policy that increases healthcare access, has controlled healthcare costs, and improves the quality and value of care provided to Americans. The article certainly provides important insights into the US health policy and will thus contribute substantially to my research topic. 5 Nilsen, P., Seing, I., Ericsson, C., Birken, S. A.& Schildmeijer, K. (2020). Characteristics of successful changes in health care organizations: an interview study with physicians, registered nurses, and assistant nurses. BMC Health Serv Res 20, 147. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-4999-8 This article is concerned with the characteristics of successful organizational change in healthcare. To explore these characteristics, the authors approach the issue from the perspective of professional care providers in a bid to gain their insights. Their findings show that the most successful changes in healthcare are those influenced by providers and based on the attributed benefit to patients. The article provides fundamental insights that might influence successful health policy changes and will thus offer substantial support to my research paper. Perehudoff, S. K., Alexandrov, N. V. & Hogerzeil, H. V. (2019). The right to health as the basis for universal health coverage: A cross-national analysis of national medicines policies of 71 countries. PLoS ONE 14(6): e0215577. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0215577 This article investigates the concept of universal health care from the perspective of different countries in a bid to understand the practicality of the concept. The authors understand that various barriers to health care exist and inhibit access to healthcare services. By investigating 71 countries around the world, the article is undeniably rich in understanding health policy and has numerous insights that will support my research paper. Pollack Porter, K. M., Rutkow, L., & McGinty, E. E. (2018). The Importance of Policy Change for Addressing Public Health Problems. Public Health Reports, 133(1_suppl), 9S-14S. https://doi.org/10.1177/0033354918788880 This article majorly concerns health policy changes as they are necessary for improving health care provision and eliminating different health problems. The authors 6 identify issues such as obesity and opioid epidemics as underlining challenges such as reducing the life expectancy and underline the need for policy changes to improve overall healthcare. The article will support my research paper by placing a spotlight on the significance of policy changes in healthcare. Warner, J. J., Benjamin, I. J., Churchwell, K., Firestone, G., Gardner, T. J., Johnson, J. C., Ng-Osorio, J., Rodriguez, C. J., Todman, L., Yaffe, K., Yancy, C. W., & Harrington, R. A. (2020). Advancing Healthcare Reform: The American Heart Association’s 2020 statement of principles for adequate, accessible, and affordable health care: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 141(10). https://doi.org/10.1161/cir.0000000000000759 This statement of principles by the American Heart Association is concerned with healthcare and health reforms with a central focus placed on expanding access to care, affordability, preventive services, elimination of disparities, and health equity. The authors investigate the current state of US health, especially from the perspective of cardiovascular health. The article stays true to underlining the importance of healthcare reforms, and it will provide great insights to support my paper.

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