(Mt) – MGMT 325 Embry Riddle Aeronautical University Business Operations Analysis

SOLUTION AT Academic Writers Bay

1 Mid-Point Reflection 2 Mid-Point Reflection What is surprising? The course has been pivotal in elaborating on the essence of social responsibility, ethics, and sustainability in an organization. It is surprising that the decisions made each day impact people and organizations around us. Management is an important tool that defines the effective functioning of organizations. However, the whole process is complicated owing to the need to balance between organizational goals and public interest through sustainable practices. An ethical decision necessitates thinking ethically, and ethics imply acting in sustainable ways when making decisions. The course has made it evident that management revolves around ethical decision making, sustainability, and social responsibility. For instance, an organization’s management must find ways to incorporate sustainability when pursuing worker motivation. The ethical decision-making framework allows an individual to make choices that align with organizational goals. In an ever-evolving world with changing business environments, I believe it is important to ensure that management practices are sustainable in the long-run. What is expected? The ethical decision-making process requires the contribution of all stakeholders in an organization. I have learned that it is important to involve all parties when designing a sustainable program. Management should allow employees to make independent decisions due to the impact on a company’s overall performance. It is expected that when businesses are engaging in activities that increase their profitability, they should also look for ways of managing 3 stakeholder expectations. Sustainable business practices are attainable when the management recognizes an organization’s different perspectives regarding ethics and social responsibility. What goals do you still need to accomplish? Concepts such as ethics, social responsibility, sustainability, and ethical dilemmas raise many questions about an organization’s conduct in the marketplace. I still need to accomplish various goals, especially developing an understanding of why companies must act ethically when responding to stakeholder interests. It appears that an organization’s success today depends on acknowledging the stakeholder value and addressing community needs through corporate social responsibility. However, there are ethical dilemmas that companies and the management face while trying to balance stakeholder needs. The course has enhanced my understanding of ways to address ethical dilemmas and ensuring that all stakeholders benefit from company operations. My goal is to explore ethical frameworks further such as virtue, utilitarian, justice, and rights approach to ascertain their relevance in governing managerial decisions. Companies ought to implement decisions that address all stakeholder concerns in a competitive market. 1 Reflection Analysis Paper: First Impressions 2 Reflection Analysis Paper: First Impressions Context This management course is a very new dimension for me by studying some discoveries related to personalities, community, and framework in an organization. During the learning period, I expect to learn how to work efficiently by integrating theories to specific circumstances and any business organization’s progress with its problems. This reflective paper displays the ambitions that I aim to gain throughout this course’s learning: Successful Manager Capabilities, Managerial Hypothesis, Time management Structure, International Preparation, and Teamwork Expertise. Management is a vital tool for me to function more effectively, and it isn’t easy. According to Robert Katz (1974, p. 94), three types of skills are described that are important for a good manager, such as technological, analytical, and human skills, which will enable me to manage individuals effectively. However, I noticed that to be a manager successfully, these essential attributes must first be enhanced. For instance, I will have to motivate my coworkers to adopt more effective human management traits or dedication to teamwork. Also, setting targets tends to direct individuals towards high success in this managerial position, and personality also will allow me to reach the potential to self-evaluate the activities I have engaged in before in an acceptable way. Analytical Reflection Consequently, time management is yet another aspect of being successful. I am a procrastinator who still struggles because of prioritizing the essential job, and I hope to make life changes throughout my learning period. Excluding time management, the negative premise of theory X is that staff are not likely to work owing to the discouragement of management 3 following Douglas McGregor’s rubric. On the other hand, Theory Y believes that individual employees are physically and emotionally engaged in work through self-motivation from supervisors or managers. I hope to see different improvements between handling my time and setting up my daily activities. Also, contingency planning is an instrument for forecasting the strategy’s results that may or may not arise in a particularly risky situation. In reality, the current market is uncertain about foreseeing what could place pressure on companies if this contingency planning is not imposed. It also applies to me not obtaining the strategy during the exhausting weeks to do the significant activities. According to Pradhana (2020, para 6), contingency planning is a regular management strain in certain cases because people do not take time to neglect their intake. When I get low marks on the assignments due to overlooked time, I feel really sad when meeting assignment deadlines in time. This tells me that postponing needless things such as playing games will give you a greater chance of achieving the highest achievement. Additionally, another challenge is the principle of knowing how to socialize with other individuals of a diverse community properly. Since management and planning activities are challenging, most people fail to incorporate management throughout societies. Indeed, because of the communication breakdown, one cannot lead a team or individuals to their set targets, especially because it is more difficult for one to acquire and interpret relevant information when they abuse their colleagues from different cultural backgrounds or ethnic groups. Throughout this course, I aim to understand more and grasp these concepts of diversification for the future and understand their viewpoint from different individuals to plan on the most effective way to address evolving issues. 4 Lastly, I aim to learn how to incorporate team leader skills, consisting of six core aspects: knowledge of problems, data collection, statistical analysis, action planning, execution of the action, and strategy assessment. These procedures are the most successful way for me if I want to lead a team or even an organization in the future. This course will be essential for me since I am introverted and occasionally find it difficult to communicate with other individuals (Eckert, 2016). During this course, my role is to learn good team leadership skills to have a positive outlook, support other team members’ choices, and trust the commitment of their contribution. The best way to share thoughts between the leader and participants from various points of view is to accomplish great success to ensure a high result. In conclusion, time is really valuable, and it allows me to make more productive use of time. Time management is a skill that I hope to acquire for the community and me. Looking back, I have not made such a clear roadmap for my goals to reach optimum success, leading to dissatisfaction or stress. Through taking this course, I hope that I can pass through the valuable management skills such as time management to the community at large since it is an issue affecting many. Without carefully controlling and planning time, many people end up in turmoil since the valuable concept of time management is crucial in everyone’s day to day activities. 5 References Katz, R. N. (1974). Business impact upon regulatory agencies. California Management Review, 16(3), 102-108. https://doi.org/10.2307/41164516 Pradhana, M. B. (2020). Contingency theory and mediating effect. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/nwymc Eckert, R. (2016). Business innovation management and business innovation factory. Business Innovation Management, 209-248. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-13456-3_9 StakeholdersStakeholders and Ethics and Ethics Making Ethical Decisions Thinking Ethically Thinking ethically is required in order to make an ethical decision. Ethics is not just about imagining a better situation or a better version of yourself, rather it is about acting and finding sustainable ways to make decisions. For this discussion, review Ethical Decision Making Framework (Santa Clara University). (Links to an external site.) Read through the document, paying close attention to the framework offered, while also considering the section on “What is NOT ethics.” Then read through the ethical standards. While this is not an exhausted list of ethics nor is there a singular business definition of ethics, this is a starting point for applying ethics in the workplace. Reflect on the framework and the short guide offered. Does it make sense? Are the items listed as standards accurate? How about the areas that are NOT ethics, do they make sense? Can you think of a time when you have experienced a situation that one of these content areas was considered ethics? How about a work situation that clearly articulated an ethical standard? Stakeholders and Ethics: Making Ethical Decisions Ethical decision making is crucial, and regular practice enhances its familiarity by enabling a moral intuition regarding certain situations (Byars and Stanberry, 2018). The framework enables companies to make ethical decisions by recognizing unfamiliar business situations and acting accordingly. Stakeholders have the ethical responsibility to ensure the companies they deal with are aware of their preferences. These can be customers, the community, or stock owners whose perceptions towards a company determine its success or failure. The framework makes sense since companies act ethically whenever they respond to the needs and desires of their stakeholders. The acknowledgment of stakeholder claims dictates the success of business practices today. Companies adopt ethical decision making to keep the stakeholders satisfied, which eventually results in financial well-being. Each approach helps in determining the behavioral standard that is considered ethical. However, these standards are not accurate because of some problems that need to be solved. It is unlikely that most people will agree on what constitutes a common good because of the dispute surrounding what is considered harmful and good in the utilitarian approach. It is also challenging to decide on a similar set of civil and human rights, especially when defining the right to speech or freedom. The approaches are unlikely to elaborate on what is ethical using a similar context. However, each approach offers important information regarding how to ascertain what is ethical in certain circumstances. Ethics is, in some instances, confused with other ways of making choices such as law, morality, or religion (Byars et al., 2018). Although many religions advocate for ethical decision making, they fail to highlight an array of ethical choices that people encounter. An appealing system of law is expected to be ethical, but the law develops a model in attempting to dictate general guidelines hence the inability to deal with individual contexts. Law and ethics address questions about how we should live harmoniously, but ethics is sometimes perceived to apply to individual actions. Morality and ethics are sometimes used interchangeably, whereby ethics provides a rational understanding of morality or rather good reasons for considering something as moral. I think a scenario that should use the ethical decision-making framework is that of a restaurant business intending to improve employee performance by eliminating labor shortage. The management recognizes that younger workers lack fundamental attributes such as customer service, social responsibility, and teamwork. It then decides to help them improve for the common good of employees and customers, as the stakeholders. The facts are obtained by engaging the employees in a survey, which shows that free career advice and counseling programs will improve their performance. The management evaluates alternative actions to determine whether the option adheres to the utilitarian, virtue, common good, rights, or justice approach (Santa Clara University, 2018). It then makes a decision and tests by selecting the utilitarian approach that produces the least harm and most good for the company. Counseling programs and career advice will enlighten employees to serve customers well and satisfy their needs. The management eventually acts and reflects on the outcome by enrolling younger workers in colleges and offering tuition assistance. The company implements the decision with great care and attention to all the stakeholders to thrive in a competitive market. However, does the common good approach appeal to every young employee in the company? References Byars, S. M., & Stanberry, K. (2018). Business Ethics.Openstax College, Rice University. Santa Clara University. (2018).A Framework for Ethical Decision Making. Retrieved from https://www.scu.edu/media/ethics-center/ethical-decision-making/A-Fram ework-for-Ethical-Decision-Making.pdf (Links to an external site.) Accessed 19 Jan. 2021. Ethical Dilemma Presentation “Motojournalism” Every day there are decisions being made, statements being read, and actions implemented that impact those around us. For this assignment, go to the Business Ethics Highlights, (Links to an external site.) website, become familiar with their site, and choose one topic for review. Your chosen topic should be dated no older than 120 days, be of interest to you, and pose an ethical dilemma. For a detailed view of how to find the articles and make a selection, watch this video, Business Ethics Highlights (Studio – 00:02:53):In this assignment you are required to choose an Ethical Dilemma from Business Ethics Highlights and complete the following tasks: Recognize the issue(s) Gather the facts Evaluate alternative actions Make recommendations Offer action-based next steps This Framework for Ethical Decision Making (Links to an external site.) is what is highlighted in the Module 2 discussion. With the Ethical Dilemma assignments, you have the opportunity to apply the framework to your analysis of a current event issue. You may choose any ethical scenario that interests you, as long as the original article was published within the last six (6) months. Requirements: . Introduction  The article “Motojournalism: Conflicted by changes in the publishing and motorcycle industries” highlights issues that journalists encounter in the line of duty.  Journalist-related activities encounter conflicts of interest if news reporters have to cover and report on the various organizations that advertise on the respective websites and web pages of the publications (The Editors, 2020).  The situation makes it hard for journalists to make the right decisions due to the issue of revenue and maintaining clients willing to advertise on the various publications’ websites. Situation Summary  Media firms rely on revenue collected from advertisements placed on the various publications’ websites and web pages (Alalwan, 2018).  However, covering and reporting on firms that advertise on the websites and web pages creates a challenge due to the issue of developing a good business-client relationship.  On the part of journalists and media firms, the issue of accountability and increasing revenue collection arises, which could prevent investigations or reports on firms advertising on the publications websites and web pages. Facts  All businesses, including media houses, focus on increasing revenue collection and expanding coverage to other areas.  Journalists work hard to ensure that they keep the public informed, including covering current events.  Contemporary journalists face challenges trying to cover and report on companies that advertise on the websites and web pages of the publications where such reports appear.  In this case, journalists might favor Bonnier Motorcycle Group and other motorcycle advertisers, which could discourage them from writing issues that could dissuade from buying motorcycles (The Editors, 2020). Alternatives  Employees or journalists of Bonnier Motorcycle Group can cover stories of companies that advertise on websites and web pages of other organizations’ publications.  Journalists working for Bonnier Motorcycle Group can only report on issues that favor Octane and the acquired motorcycle business in order to generate leads for its lending business (The Editors, 2020).  The company can rely on reports from journalists working for other publishing institutions in order to assess its performance based on external reports. Recommendations  If the organization (Octane) cannot allow “independence of publications” of Bonnier Motorcycle Group’s journalists, it should allow other publishers to write reports on its performance.  Firms such as Octane should give their employees the opportunity to provide reports about the overall performance of the organization.  Although Octane acquired Bonnier Motorcycle Group to generate leads for its lending business, the management should allow the journalists make independent decisions. Next Steps/Action Plan  All businesses focus on activities that aim at increase revenue collection, and Octane can rely on Bonnier Motorcycle Group to expand the consumer base.  The management can adopt mechanisms that allow journalists to practice and maintain journalistic values, including ensuring balance in reporting.  Allowing journalists’ independence will enable the organization to address issues that could affect its operations negatively. References  Alalwan, A. A. (2018). Investigating the impact of social media advertising features on customer purchase intention. International Journal of Information Management, 42, 65-77.  The Editors. (2020, Oct). Motojournalism: Conflicted by changes in the publishing and motorcycle industries. Business Ethics Highlights. Retrieved from https://businessethicshighlights.com/2020/10/30/motojour nalism-conflicted-by-changes-in-the-publishing-andmotorcycle-industries/ Social Responsibility and Society Case Study Analysis Case Study Analysis This is your first Case Study Analysis for this course. Please take a moment to read over the Case Study Analysis Guidelines as well as the attached rubric. Conducting a case study analysis should be done in a thoughtful manner and clear guidelines have been provided. In any industry, in every market, and in all environments, there is the need to think critically, apply your knowledge, and make actionable choices. This includes both experience-based knowledge and academic knowledge. Conducting a case study analysis is an excellent opportunity for you to apply some of your recently acquired know-how and to gain insight into real-world issues. Conducting a case study analysis requires you to investigate a business problem or issue, examine possible solutions, and propose an effective action based recommendation. Answers to case study analysis write-ups are not black and white, cases are specifically designed for critical thought, further investigation, and proactive solution building. No two papers will be alike nor will this case study analysis be the same as the one assigned two modules from now. For this assignment please read the following case (note: the actual case begins on page three (3) of the document): A Business Ethics Supply Chain Case Study of Publix Super Markets and the Coalition of Immokalee Farmworkers’ Fair Food Program (Sagepub/Hunt Library). (Links to an external site.) Once you have completed your Case Study Analysis, take the time to read it through. Reading aloud may help you identify any grammatical errors. You may find it helpful to ask yourself: • • Does your analysis include your knowledge base? This includes experience-based knowledge as well as knowledge from the textbook reading and presentation. Is the paper in the current APA style? • After reading the analysis, does it align with the Case Study Analysis Guidelines? Publix Case Study Analysis Introduction This study is conducted to perform a case study analysis of a case that is a business ethics supply chain case study of Publix supermarket and the CIW and FFP. The case study analysis will discuss the main issue and solutions to the problems. Publix supermarket is the largest single buyer of tomatoes of the Florida tomatoes industry, and FFP is working to improve the farmworkers’ working conditions in Florida. Background In this case, Publix is not ready to pay a penny more to FFP Fair food program to support the farmworkers and improve their working conditions. The CEO of Publix came to know that Wal-Mart is also going to participate in FFP. This news had put some pressure on Publix as they are the direct buyers of tomatoes in Florida. But they deny participating by providing the reason that they are not the employer of these farmworkers. Instead, the farm owners are the employers of these farmworkers. And this is the issue of a labor dispute that cannot be solved by giving a penny more. Publix also stated that we are ready to pay a penny more, but we are sure that it will not solve any issue. Publix is known as good employers, and they provide a good working environment and benefits to their employees (Publix, n.d). However, on the other hand, the farmworkers have to work for 12 hours in the scorching heat, and they have to bend for long hours to pick the tomatoes (Estabrook, 2012). Alternatives Possible options 1. There can be various options that Publix can adopt to solve the issue. For example, Publix can design its CSR program to support these farmworkers financially and mentally. They can choose this program that is entirely different from the option of participating with FFP. • Pros of the alternative This option can improve the goodwill of the company. The Publix image will be improved in front of its stakeholders and other customers. • Cons of the alternative The Publix has to invest a huge amount in designing this program, and they have to cut some other CSR costs for successful implementation of this new program. Obstacles to the alternative: The main obstacle to the alternative can be the lack of finance. Although Publix makes huge profits, it is already involved in different CSR activities. And for investing in this new CSR program, the company will need huge finance to invest and earn the goodwill. Outside forces: The outside forces that can affect this new CSR program’s implementation will be the competitors or the FFP itself. They will try to offer more benefits to the farm workers to reduce the Publix CSR program’s impact on the farmworkers. 2. Moreover, another alternative is to invest more in the marketing of Publix and provide more support to the employees at Publix to win the hearts of the public and keep supporting the point that farmworkers are not the employees of Publix. • Pros of the alternative Publix will remain on its stance and invest more money on its marketing and provide more benefits to its employees. The job satisfaction of the employees is increased, which increases productivity. The increased productivity also increases the sales of Publix. • Cons of the alternative Publix will remain controversial to behave as stubborn and not invest in the farmers’ improved working conditions. Obstacles to the alternative: The main obstacle to the alternative is that the company will remain under the controversies and pressure by its competitors for not participating with FFP to improve the farmers’ working conditions. Outside forces: The outside forces that can affect the decision of Publix will be social or political. There can be the political influence that all the private companies should provide a penny more for them. And society can also put Publix in the pressure to invest money for the farmers. Proposed Solution The proposed solution from both the alternatives is to invest money on the CSR new program specially designed for the farmworkers. Publix is already known as a good employer, and they are already earning huge profits. If they invest more money in the CSR activities for farmers, it will take out the name of Publix from controversies. The outside research suggests that CSR activities can help companies to earn goodwill (Golden, 2018). Recommendations The solution can be implemented by asking the management of Publix to design the CSR program and arrange the finance for it. The financial aid can be provided to the farmers. The education can also be offered to their children in the form of scholarships. The farmers can be provided with medical aid or can help solve their mental health issues. The management of Publix should develop an action plan. All the department managers should be assigned the tasks to complete the action plan and develop a successful CSR program. References Estabrook, B. (2012). Tomatoland: How modern industrial agriculture destroyed our most alluring fruit. Andrews McMeel Publishing. Golden, J. S. (2018). Corporate social responsibility and goodwill impairment. Accounting and the Public Interest, 18(1), 1-28. Publix. (n.d). Put It in the Price: Publix’s Position on the CIW Campaign. Retrieved from http://corporate.publix.com/about-publix/newsroom/put-it-in-the-price Publix: Ethical Dilemma Big Pharma’s Pattern of Wrongdoing Introduction • A number of pharmaceutical firms have received criticism for engaging in inappropriate or illegal activities. • The various illegal activities include providing kickbacks and bribes, as well as marketing drugs for unapproved uses (The Editors, 2020). • Some of the pharmaceutical firms knowingly ship or sell adulterated or contaminated drugs to pharmacies. Situation Summary • The issue of pharmaceutical firms engaging in illegal activities poses risks to people’s health in different parts of the globe. • The study under consideration assessed financial penalties for illegal activities linked to some large pharmaceutical firms (The Editors, 2020). • Settlement approaches involved evaluation of penalty amounts, which described type, scope, and duration of the suspect illegal activity. Alternatives • Pharmaceutical organizations’ representatives can engage all stakeholders involved in order to curb illegal activities. • Government agencies should focus on the firms involved in illegal activities, impose fines, and suspend operations for a specific period. • The products that the pharmaceutical firms sell to pharmacies should go through government institutions for authentication. Recommendations • The fines or penalties imposed should reflect the illegal activities linked to each pharmaceutical firm. • A firm receiving a second, third, and subsequent fine should not operate for a given period based on the extent of illegalities committed. • The government should ensure that pharmaceutical firms take their activities seriously in order to prevent the sale of drugs that could cause harm to the public. Next Steps/Action Plan • Stakeholders in the pharmaceutical industry should engage one another in order to help prevent illegal activities. • Any pharmaceutical firm flagged for improper conduct should not sell its products in a given region for a specific period. • The government and stakeholders in the pharmaceutical sector should engage one another in order to prevent illegal activities in the industry. References • The Editors. (2020, Dec). Big Pharma’s pattern of wrongdoing. Business Ethics Highlights. Retrieved from https://businessethicshighlights.com/2020/12/10/big- pharmas-pattern-of-wrongdoing/ 1 Case Study: Northern Pulp 2 Northern Pulp Introduction Northern Pulp was faced with operational challenges and had indicated to layoff a majority of the employees; therefore, stress among a section of the employees had been high due to the uncertainties of future job prospects. For more than fifty years, Northern Pulp had been a significant contributor to rural Nova Scotia’s economy. Additionally, the firm had significantly polluted the environment, despite the compromise by local residents and constant warnings by the authorities. However, the situation got out of hand; the provincial administration was forced to invoke the Boat Harbor Act that subsequently ordered the firm to have shut down operations by the end of January 2020. As the closure date drew closer, the firm was required to determine an ethical course of action to best balance the wellbeing of various stakeholders that could have been affected by the undertaking. Background Concerns surrounding pollution at the Northern Pulp premises prompted extensive local and provincial debate on the wellbeing of residents and respect of the law (McKinnon & Long, 2020). Internal controversy erupted when the firm’s administration acknowledged that various operations would be shut down due to faulty equipment. The internal challenges forced the local administration to install roadblocks to bar access roads to the facility, affecting the facility’s economic viability. Although the facility had persistently promised to rectify the internal misfortunes and adhere to expectations, poor waste management resulted in environmental pollution and posed dangers to human health (Windspeaker, 2016). The issues of environmental pollution at the company exposed an underlying tenseness between the economic realities of industrial job creation and environmental conservation. 3 The Northern Pulp directly employed more than two hundred workers, with hundreds of spinoff positions around the Atlantic region (Windspeaker, 2016). During its struggle, the media appeared to frame the story through the sieve of economic advantages versus environmental conservation, wherein the latter concerns were placed with the benefit of asserting unionized wages in the locality (McKinnon & Long, 2020). Therefore, the loss of the firm was a dire event for most families that directly benefited from its existence in terms of income and, probably, boasting rights. The order required that the firm maintains insurance on the site during the closure period and the season after to ensure environmental monitoring resulted in further financial strain. However, despite the social, environmental, and economic misfortunes, all the orders were issued according to the law. Alternatives The company’s closure felt like a hard punch on the economic status of the people around Nova Scotia. Businesses were significantly affected by the closure despite receiving a leeway of about five years to propose and act on alternatives that would have solved the stalemate. Firstly, the company should have opted to appeal to Nova Scotia’s ministerial order that directed the closure of its operations (Windspeaker, 2016). The alternative to appeal could have been advantageous because it could have offered more time to engage in community discussions and put things right. The order sounded impractical and did not clearly understand the pulp and paper industry and wastewater treatment procedures or challenges (McKinnon & Long, 2020). However, if awarded, the appeal would not have meant a revocation of the previous order. Secondly, the alternative to constructing a replacement of the facility could have been convenient. The authorities’ two-year-moratorium to provide a detailed environmental assessment could have worked in favor of the company. However, the alternative could have 4 been costly due to the financial situation at hand. When the moratorium was issued, certain activities had been shut down, some employees laid off, and the income was low. Although Northern Pulp could have been honest enough to conduct the assessment, it is not clear whether all the Boat Harbor discharge was its responsibility. The possibility of other contaminants from smaller firms in the regions cannot be ignored because the outside sources compromised Northern Pulp’s ability to comply with the issued order fully. Lastly, Northern Pulp had the alternative to conduct its on-site operations as indicated in the ministerial order (McKinnon & Long, 2020). The details of the order included, among other things, regular measurement of the air and water quality. These decisions required an unparalleled commitment of the management and the remaining employees. However, this alternative was disadvantageous because all efforts and finances could have been solely geared towards a single operation, leaving other areas to stagger. The provincial administration was a sole outside force that was directly involved in the success or failure of the alternatives because it dictated the time for implementation besides turning down the replacement alternative. Proposed Solution The single-most applicable proposal that Northern Pulp can embark on is to pitch a redesigned wastewater treatment facility. A redesigned effluent plant could be useful in complying with the Boat Harbor Act that previously mandated the closure of the company’s operations in early 2020. Although the authorities turned down the request to extend the firm’s operating license, a redesigned facility would require an assessment to determine its suitability and ability to meet the environmental approval. This proposal is not entirely an external idea but is drawn from the previous attempts by the company to construct a replacement of the old facility that could have sent wastewater through a pipeline into the 5 neighboring Northumberland Strait. For example, redesigning allows companies to recollect their resources and re-approach the industry with vigor. Additionally, the redesign period would be sufficient to rethink other products that the company can engage in besides pulp. Examples of companies that successfully redesigned their operations include the Americanbased Kimberly-Clark Corporation and UPM in Finland. Recommendations There is adequate evidence to indicate that the Northern Pulp’s existence and operations had a significant influence on the Nova Scotia area’s wellbeing, both positive and negative. For the proposed idea to actualize, the company would only need to engage in solution-finding discussion with the Pictou Landing First Nation, the affected fishermen’s coalition, and the local citizens. This paper recommends an action plan that fully involves the authorities and all other Nova Scotia area stakeholders. In essence, the authorities must ensure that the company respects the law at all times. Secondly, there is a need to have frequent environmental assessments to ensure that all operations adhere to guidelines. These steps must be tasked to the firm’s management, employees, spinoffs, and the local authorities. 6 References McKinnon, M., & Long, B. S. (2020, January 15). Employment versus Environment: The Complexities of Managing the Interests of Northern Pulp’s Multiple Stakeholders. Sage Publications, SAGE Business Cases. Windspeaker. (2016). A Nova Scotia judge wants more information on how an effluent leak from a pulp mill has affected those living in Pictou Landing First Nations. In Windspeaker (Vol. 33, Issue 11, p. 5–). Aboriginal Multi-Media Society of Alberta (AMMSA).



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