(Mt) – MGT-560 Transformational Leadership Discussion

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Chapter 8: Transformational Leadership Description (1 of 17) • • • • Current and popular. Changes and transforms people. “New Leadership” paradigm. Increased research. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 2 Description (2 of 17) • Emphasizes motivation and follower development. – Fits today’s work group needs. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 3 Description (3 of 17) Transformational Leadership Defined (1 of 2). • Transactional leadership. • Transformational leadership. • Exchange dimension. • Employees prefer transformational leadership. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 4 Description (4 of 17) Transformational Leadership Defined (2 of 2). • Pseudotransformational leadership. • Aspects of pseudotransformational leadership. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 5 Description (5 of 17) Transformational Leadership and Charisma (1 of 3). • Charisma. • House’s theory of charismatic leadership. • Personality characteristics. • Behaviors. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 6 Description (6 of 17) Transformational Leadership and Charisma (2 of 3). • Effects of charismatic leadership. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 7 Description (7 of 17) TABLE 8.1 Personality Characteristics, Behaviors, and Effects on Followers of Charismatic Leadership Personality Characteristics Behaviors Effects on Followers Dominant Sets strong role model Trust in leader’s ideology Desire to influence Shows competence Belief similarity between leader and follower Self-confident Articulates goals Unquestioning acceptance Strong moral values Communicates high expectations Affection toward leader Expresses confidence Obedience Arouses motives Identification with leader Emotional involvement Heightened goals Increased confidence Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 8 Description (8 of 17) Transformational Leadership and Charisma (3 of 3). • Effects often occur with distress. • Shamir, House, and Arthur (1993) revised House’s theory. • Ties followers to organization. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 9 Description (9 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership. • Bass (1985): expanded and refined model. • Emphasized emotional elements. • Stressed follower motivation. • Seven different factors. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 10 Description (10 of 17) TABLE 8.2 Leadership Factors Transformational Leadership Transactional Leadership Laissez-Faire Leadership Factor 1 Idealized influence Charisma Factor 5 Contingent reward Constructive transactions Factor 7 Laissez-faire Nontransactional Factor 2 Inspirational motivation Factor 6 Management by exception Active and passive Corrective transactions Factor 3 Intellectual stimulation Factor 4 Individualized consideration Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 11 Description (11 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership: Transformational Leadership Factors (1 of 2). • Charisma or idealized influence. • Attributional component. • Behavioral component. • Inspiration or inspirational motivation. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 12 Description (12 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership: Transformational Leadership Factors (2 of 2). • Intellectual stimulation. • Individualized consideration. • Transformational produces more effects than transactional. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 13 Description (13 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership: Transactional Leadership Factors. • Contingent reward. – Constructive transaction. • Management by exception. – Active versus passive. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 14 Description (14 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership: Nonleadership Factor. • Laissez-faire. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 15 Description (15 of 17) A Model of Transformational Leadership: Transformational Leadership Measurements. • Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ). Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 16 Description (16 of 17) Other Transformational Perspectives: Bennis and Nanus. • Questioned leaders on their lives and personalities. • Four common leader strategies. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 17 Description (17 of 17) Other Transformational Perspectives: Kouzes and Posner. • Interviewed leaders and analyzed. • Five practices. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 18 How Does the Transformational Leadership Approach Work? (1 of 2) • Broad-based and multi-faceted. • Aims to empower followers. • Depends on a vision. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 19 How Does the Transformational Leadership Approach Work? (2 of 2) • Organizational values and norms. • Working with people. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 20 Strengths (1 of 2) • Widely researched. • Appealing. • Acknowledges follower–leader process. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 21 Strengths (2 of 2) • Broad view of leadership. • Emphasizes followers’ needs, values, and morals. • Evidence of effectiveness. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 22 Criticisms (1 of 3) • Lacks conceptual clarity. – Broad characteristics and parameters. – Overlap. • Measurement issues. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 23 Criticisms (2 of 3) • Leadership as a personality trait. • Lack of evidential support. • Elitist and antidemocratic. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 24 Criticisms (3 of 3) • Leader unreliability. • Question of universality. • Question of use with millennials. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 25 Application (1 of 2) • • • • Generalized approach. Emphasizes individual leader traits. Widely applicable. Uses MLQ or similar assessment. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 26 Application (2 of 2) • Vision-focused. • Sosik and Jung (2010) guide. Northouse, Leadership, 9th edition. © SAGE Publications, 2021. 27

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